Elements Granite

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What is Granite?

Granite Grain

Typical structure of granite.

The word granite comes from the latin word ‘GRANUM’, a grain, in reference to the coarse grained structure of such a crystalline rock.

Granite is an igneous rock which is formed when molton magma slowly cools in the earth. The grains in granite are made up of crystals of quartz, feldspar, mica and hornblade and is normally medium to course grained. Granite can be coloured from pink/white through to dark grey/black, depending on their chemistry and mineralogy.

Various granite samples

Various granite samples.

Granite stone is second only to diamond in hardness and is nearly as tough. It is for this reason that it has widespread uses as a construction stone, as well as for more domestic uses like tiles, wall cladding, flooring and of course, worktops.

Picture of granite quarry

Picture of a quarry.

Despite being fairly common throughout the world, the areas with the most commercial granite quarries are located in Spain, Brazil, India, Finland, Norway, Angola & Zimbabwe.

The granite is extracted from the Quarry in the form of a ‘block’. They normally use diamond wire cables and long drill holes to get the block free from the mountain side. These blocks can weigh in excess of 20 tons. From here the block is cut into slabs ( similar to slicing a loaf of bread! ).

Granite block and Granite slabs

Each slabs is then polished on the face to bring out the beauty of its colours and features and then labelled up with the corresponding slabs from the same block. The slabs will then be shipped across the world ready for manufacturers like us to transform them into beautiful kitchen worktops.